► 1774 - British scientist Joseph Priestley re-discovered
oxygen (the gas), verifying the discovery of it by German-Swedish
chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.
► 1834 - Slavery was abolished in the British
Empire with the Slavery Abolition Act.
► 1980 - Cinemax launched
► 1981 - MTV network debuted on cable television,
actually playing music videos 24 hours a day. The Buggles'
"Video Killed the Radio Star" was the first
video shown, followed by Pat Benatar's "You Better
► 1957 - The United States and Canada formed the
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Due
to a wrong number Sears ad misprint, a child called
to check on where Santa was that evening (December 24),
and NORAD has been tracking Santa every Christmas Eve,
since its inception.
► 1966 - China's Cultural Revolution began, with
purging (killing) the remnants of capitalist and traditional
elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Maoist
thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. About
1.5 million people were 'purged'.
► 1980 - Vigdis Finnbogadottir was elected President
of Iceland, the world's first democratically elected
female head of state.
► 1984 - Lindow Man was found in a bog, at Lindow
Moss, Cheshire, in northwest England.
► 1610 - Henry Hudson sailed into what is now
known as Hudson Bay (he thought he had made it through
the Northwest Passage, and reached the Pacific Ocean).
► 1776 - The official signing of the United States
Declaration of Independence took place. Matthew Thornton
from New Hampshire signed it on November 4, 1776.
► 1790 - The first United States Census was conducted.
There were 3,929,214 people counted that year.
► 1869 - Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant
class system (Shinokosho) was abolished as part of the
Meiji Restoration reforms.
► 1870 - Tower Subway, the first underground tube
railway, opened in London, England.
► 1873 - The Clay Street Hill Railroad began operating
the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable
► 1937 - The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed
in America, making marijuana and all its by-products
► 1973 - The Summerland Disaster occurred when
a fire spread through the Summerland leisure centre
in Douglas on the Isle of Man. Fifty people were killed
and eighty seriously injured in fire, started by some
boys smoking in a closet.
► 1990 - Iraq invaded Kuwait, leading to the Gulf
► 1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos
de la Frontera, Spain.
► 1852 - Harvard University wonthe first Boat
Race against Yale University. The race was the first
American intercollegiate athletic event
► 1900 - The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
► 1936 - Jesse Owens won the 100 meter dash, beating
'the world's fastest man' Ralph Metcalfe at the Berlin
► 1946 - Santa Claus Land, the first modern themed
amusement park, opened in Santa Claus, Indiana, United
► 1958 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus traveled
under the Arctic ice cap.
► 1977 - Tandy Corporation announced the TRS-80,
one of the world's first mass-produced personal computers.
The basic model originally shipped with 4 KB of RAM.
► 70 - The Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed
by the Romans.
► 1693 - Celebratory date for Dom Perignon's invention
► 1790 - A tariff act created the need for the
Revenue Cutter Service, later renamed The United States
► 1892 - The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden
were found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts
home. Lizzie was acquitted of the crime.
► 1858 - The Billboard Hot 100 is published for
the first time. The first number-one song of the Hot
100 was "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson.
► 1977 - US President Jimmy Carter signed legislation
creating the United States Department of Energy.
► 1987 - The Federal Communications Commission
rescinded the Fairness Doctrine, which had required
radio and television stations to present controversial
► 1305 - William Wallace, who led the Scottish
resistance against England, was captured by the English
near Glasgow. Mel Gibson starred in a dramatization
of the story in Braveheart.
► 1620 - The Mayflower departed from Southampton,
England, headed towards North America.
► 1861 - In order to help pay for the war effort,
the United States government levies the first income
tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% over $800)
► 1882 - The Standard Oil of New Jersey was established.
Standard+Oil=SO=Esso, now Exxon.
► 1888 - Germany's Bertha Benz drove from Mannheim
to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile
► 1914 - Cleveland, Ohio, installed the first
electric traffic light.
► 1926 - Harry Houdini performed one of his greatest
stunts, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank
► 1957 - American Bandstand debuted on the ABC
television network, with host Dick Clark. The show began
locally on Philadelphia television station WFIL-TV Channel
6 (now WPVI-TV) in 1952.
► 1981 - US President Ronald Reagan fired 11,359
striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order
for them to return to work.
► 2001 - Cable network Odyssey was renamed to
► 1787 - 60 copies of the Constitution of the
United States were delivered to the Constitutional Convention
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
► 1890 - At Auburn Prison in New York, William
Kemmler was the first person to be executed by electric
► 1926 - Gertrude Ederle became the first woman
to swim across the English Channel.
► 1926 - In New York, New York, the Warner Bros.'
Vitaphone sound system premiered with the movie Don
Juan starring John Barrymore, with music and sound effects.
► 1945 - Hiroshima, Japan was largely destroyed
when the atomic bomb "Little Boy" was dropped
by the B-29 Enola Gay.
► 1956 - The DuMont Television Network made its
final broadcast, A Boxing Match from the St. Nicholas
► 1964 - Prometheus, a bristlecone pine and the
world's oldest tree, at least 4862 years old, was cut
down in Nevada.
► 1966 - In a post-fight interview, Howard Cosell
honors Muhammad Ali's wishes to no longer be referred
to as Cassius Clay, making his new name more acceptable
► 1986 - Rain fell a record 13 inches of rain
in a single day on Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
► 1988 - Yo! MTV Raps premiered on MTV
► 1996 - NASA announced that the ALH 84001 meteorite,
thought to originate from Mars and found in Antarctica,
contained evidence of primitive life-forms.
► 2012 - NASA's Curiosity rover landed on the
surface of Mars.
► 1782 - George Washington ordered the creation
of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded
in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple
► 1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey and three other women
became the first women to complete a transcontinental
automobile trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York,
New York to San Francisco, California. Alice drove the
► 1930 - Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, two accused
African-American criminals were taken from jail by a
mob and lynched. Lawrence Beitler took a picture of
the mob and bodies, inspiring Abel Meeropol to write
a poem, "Bitter Fruit." It was later rephrased
as "Strange Fruit" and recorded by Billie
► 1944 - IBM announced the first program-controlled
calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator,
known best as the Harvard Mark I. It used 765,000 components
and hundreds of miles of wire and weighed about 5 tons.
► 1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering
(became Sony in 1958) sold its first transistor radios
► 1959 - The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S.
penny went into circulation. It replaced the "wheat"
design, and was minted until 2008.
► 1975 (Typhoon) Nina, China
► 1978 - The US Government made funds available
to offer federal assistance for the Love Canal Disaster
► 1992 - Growing Pains actress Tracy Gold was
hospitalized for anorexia and is written out of most
of the final episodes for the series
► 2007 - High School Musical 2 aired on The Disney
► 1786 - Mont Blanc on the French/Italian border
was climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and
Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
► 1876 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#180,857)
for his mimeograph (Autographic Printing).
► 1908 - Wilbur Wright made his first flight at
a racecourse at Le Mans, France; the Wright Brothers'
first public flight.
► 1963 - In England, a gang of 15 train robbers
stole £2.6 million in bank notes in the Great
Train Robbery. They were later caught.
► 1969 - At a 'zebra crossing' in London, photographer
Iain Macmillan took one of the most famous photographs
of all time, the cover of the Beatles album, Abbey Road.
► 1974 - President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide
television address, announced his resignation from the
office of the President of the United States, effective
noon the next day.
► 1989 - STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia
took off on a secret five-day military mission. It landed
at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on August 13.
That's all we know.
► 1991 - The Warsaw Radio Mast was the world's
tallest structure until its collapse today. It was 2,120
feet tall, and was built 1970-1974.
► 1483 - Opening of the restored Sistine Chapel
in Rome. Renaissance painters Sandro Botticelli, Pietro
Perugino, Pinturicchio, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Cosimo
Roselli contributed. Michelangelo added his work on
the ceiling in 1508-1512.
► 1854 - Henry David Thoreau published Walden
or Life in the Woods.
► 1892 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#480,567)
for a two-way telegraph.
► 1930 - Betty Boop made her cartoon debut in
► 1942 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was arrested
in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India
► 1944 - Nagasaki, Japan was decimated when an
atomic bomb, Fat Man, was dropped by the United States
► 1969 - Followers of Charles Manson murdered
pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski),
Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, Jay Sebring and
Steven Parent. Leno and Rosemary LaBianca were killed
by the same crew the following day.
► 2104 - Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African
American male in Ferguson, Missouri, was shot and killed
by a Ferguson police officer, sparking protests and
unrest in the city.
► 1519 - Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Seville,
Spain to circumnavigate the globe.
► 1675 - The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich
Observatory in London, England was laid.
► 1846 - The Smithsonian Institution was chartered
by the United States Congress.
► 1873 - Louvre Museum opened in France.
► 1932 - An 11 pound chondrite-type meteorite
broke into several pieces and landed near the town of
Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
► 1948 - Candid Camera made its television debut,
after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
► 1949 - The US Department of War was replaced
with the United States Department of Defense.
► 1971 - The Society for American Baseball Research
is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
► 1977 - In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal
employee David Berkowitz (the "Son of Sam")
was arrested for a series of killings in the New York
► 1984 - Red Dawn, starring Patrick Swayze and
Charlie Sheen, became the first-ever PG-13 movie to
be released in theaters.
► 1995 In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing,
Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were indicted for
the bombing. Michael Fortier pled guilty in a plea bargain
for his testimony.
► 3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar,
used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations,
began. This was the calendar that caused the Friday,
December 21, 2012 fears.
► 1858 - The Eiger in the Bernese Alps was ascended
for the first time by Charles Barrington, along with
Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
► 1929 - Babe Ruth became the first baseball player
to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at
League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
► 1942 - Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George
Antheil received a patent (#2,292,387) for a Frequency-hopping
communication system which later became the basis for
modern technologies like wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
► 1965 - The Watts Riots begin in the Watts area
of Los Angeles, California.
► 1984 - "We begin bombing in five minutes"
- US President Ronald Reagan joked, while preparing
to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public
► 1991 - Nickelodeon aired the first episodes
of "Doug", "Rugrats" and "Ren
► 30 BC - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler
of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, committed suicide,
by means of an asp bite.
► 1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent (#8,294)
for his sewing machine.
► 1960 - Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications
satellite, was launched.
► 1977 - The first free flight of the Space Shuttle
► 1981 - The IBM Personal Computer was released.
► 1990 - Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus
Rex skeleton found to date, was discovered by paleontologist
Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
► 1994 - Major League Baseball players went on
strike, forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
► 1521 - Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés
captured Aztec leader Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc and
conquered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.
► 1868 (Earthquake & Tsunami) Arica, Chile
► 1918 - Opha Mae Johnson was the first woman
to enlist in the United States Marine Corps.
► 1942 - Walt Disney's fifth full-length animated
film, Bambi, was released in theaters.
► 1961 - East Germany closed the border between
the eastern and western sectors of Berlin with the Berlin
► 1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts were released
from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker tape
parade in New York, New York.
► 1997 - South Park aired for the first time on
► 1888 - An audio recording of English composer
Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of
the first recordings of music ever made, was played
during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's
phonograph in London, England.
► 1893 - France became the first country to introduce
motor vehicle registration.
► 1935 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social
► 1936 - Rainey Bethea was hanged in Owensboro,
Kentucky in the last public execution in the United
► 1945 - Japan accepted the Allied terms of surrender
in World War II
► 1959 - Founding and first official meeting of
the American Football League.
► 1975 - The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running
release in film history, opened at the USA Theatre in
Westwood, Los Angeles, California.
► 1980 - Lech Wa??sa led the first strike at the
Gdansk, Poland shipyards.
► 1994 - Inside The Actors Studio made its debut
► 2000 - Dora the Explorer premiered on Nick Jr
► 2010 - The first-ever Youth Olympic Games were
held in Singapore.
► 2013 - Egypt declared a state of emergency as
security forces killed hundreds of demonstrators supporting
former president Mohamed Morsi.
► 1483 - Pope Sixtus IV consecrated the Sistine
Chapel and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary.
► 1519 - Panama City, Panama, was founded.
► 1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier came ashore
at Kagoshima, Japan.
► 1843 - Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still
intact amusement parks in the world, opened in Copenhagen,
Denmark. It may be best known for its wooden roller
coaster, Rutschebanen, or Bjergbanen (the Mountain Coaster),
built in 1914
► 1868 (Earthquake) Ecuador
► 1914 - The Panama Canal opened with the transit
of the cargo ship SS Ancon.
► 1935 - Entertainer Will Rogers and pilot Wiley
Post were killed after their aircraft developed engine
problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
► 1939 - The Wizard of Oz premiered at Grauman's
Chinese Theater in Los Angeles, California.
► 1947 - India gained Independence from the British
► 1965 - The Beatles played at Shea Stadium in
New York. It is considered the first major rock concert.
There were only a few hundred watts of sound for the
band, who did not have monitors to hear each other,
and could not be heard over the screaming of 60,000
► 1969 - The Woodstock Music & Art Fair opened
in upstate New York. Tickets for the three-day event
were $18 in advance and $24 at the gate, and there was
sufficient sound for the 500,00 attendees.
► 1973 - The United States' bombing of Cambodia
► 1977 - The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated
by Ohio State University as part of the SETI project,
received a radio signal from deep space - "6EQUJ5."
The event was named the "Wow! signal" from
the notation made by Jerry Ehman on the project. The
signal appears to have come to the northwest of the
globular cluster of M55 in the constellation Sagittarius,
near the Chi Sagittarii star group.
► 1992 - Nickelodeon began airing their Saturday
night programming known as SNICK
► 1858 - President James Buchanan inaugurated
the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging
greetings with Queen Victoria in the United Kingdom.
► 1896 - Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and
Dawson Charlie discovered gold in a tributary of the
Klondike River in Canada, starting the Klondike Gold
► 1920 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians
is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays
of the New York Yankees, and died early the next day.
► 1927 - The Dole Air Race from Oakland, California,
to Honolulu, Hawaii. Six participating planes crashed
or disappeared, only two made it to Hawaii.
► 1930 - The first color sound cartoon, called
Fiddlesticks, was made by ex-Disney cartoonist Ub Iwerks.
It appeared in the music video for Eminem's song "The
Real Slim Shady." Ub went back to work for Disney
► 1954 - The first issue of Sports Illustrated
► 1989 - A solar flare from the Sun created a
geomagnetic storm that affected micro chips, leading
to a halt of all trading on Toronto's stock market.
► 1807 - Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat
left New York, New York, to Albany, New York, on the
Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat
service in the world.
► 1896 - Bridget Driscoll was run over by a Benz
car in the grounds of The Crystal Palace, London. She
was the UK's first pedestrian motoring fatality.
► 1907 - Pike Place Market, in Seattle's historic
► 1908 - Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon,
created by Emile Cohl, was shown in Paris, France.
► 1953 - The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous
took place in Southern California.
► 1958 - Pioneer 0, America's first attempt at
lunar orbit, is launched using the first Thor-Able rocket
► 1959 - Kind of Blue by Miles Davis, the best-selling
jazz recording of all time, was released.
► 1969 - Hurricane Camille (Category 5) hit the
U.S. Gulf Coast, killing 256 people.
► 1977 - The Soviet icebreaker Arktika became
the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
► 1978 - Double Eagle II became the first balloon
to cross the Atlantic Ocean when it landed in Miserey,
France near Paris, 137 hours after leaving Presque Isle,
► 1990 (Earthquake) Izmit, Turkey
► 2005 - Weeds premiered on Showtime
► 2008 - American swimmer Michael Phelps became
the first person to win eight gold medals in one Olympic
► 1587 - Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor
John White of the Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first
English child born in the Americas to Ananias and Eleanor
Dare. She and the rest of the colonists at Roanoke disappeared
at some point before August 18, 1590. The only clue
was the word "Croatoan" carved into a post.
► 1868 - French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovered
► 1903 - German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly
flew his self-made, motored gliding airplane four months
before the first flight of the Wright brothers.
► 1958 - Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel
Lolita was published in the United States.
► 1977 - Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock
under the 'Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967' in King William's
Town, South Africa. He died from injuries that occurred
during his arrest. Peter Gabriel released a tribute
to him, "Biko", which became a hit in 1980.
► 2005 - A massive power blackout hits the Indonesian
island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people,
the one of the largest and most widespread power outages
in history, and lasted just over six hours.
► 295 BC - The first temple to Venus, the Roman
goddess of love, beauty and fertility, was dedicated
by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges
► 1612 - The "Samlesbury witches", three
women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England,
were put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft,
with all three of the Samlesbury women acquitted.
► 1692 - In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay,
five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman,
are executed after being convicted of witchcraft at
the Salem Witch Trials.
► 1812 - American frigate USS Constitution defeated
the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova
Scotia, Canada, earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
► 1848 - The New York Herald published the news
to the East Coast of the US about the Gold Rush in California
► 1909 - The first automobile race at the Indianapolis
► 1934 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby
was held in Dayton, Ohio.
► 1960 - With Korabl-Sputnik 2, the Soviet Union
launched the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka,
40 mice, two rats and a variety of plants. All of the
► 1964 - Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication
satellite, was launched.
► 1991 - Black groups target Hasidic Jews on the
streets of Crown Heights in New York, New York for three
days, after two black children were hit by a car driven
by a Hasidic man.
► 1000 - The foundation of the Hungarian state
by Saint Stephen.
► 1858 - Charles Darwin first published his theory
of evolution through natural selection in The Journal
of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London
► 1882 - Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuted in
► 1920 - The first commercial radio station, 8MK
"Detroit News Radiophone" (now WWJ), began
operations in Detroit, Michigan.
► 1938 - Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand
slam, a record that stood until 2013 years when it was
broken by Alex Rodriguez.
► 1975 - NASA launched the Viking 1 planetary
probe toward Mars.
► 1977 - NASA launched the Voyager 2 spacecraft
towards the outer solar system..
► 1883 - An F5 tornado strikes Rochester, Minnesota,
leading to the creation of the Mayo Clinic.
► 1888 - The first practical adding machine in
the United States was patented (#'s 388,116-388,119)
by William Seward Burroughs.
► 1911 - The Mona Lisa was stolen by a Louvre
employee, Vincenzo Peruggia. It was returned in 1913.
► 1957 - The Soviet Union successfully conducted
a long-range test flight of the R-7 Semyorka, the first
intercontinental ballistic missile.
► 1961 - Motown released what would be its first
#1 hit, "Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
► 1979 - Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected
to the United States.
► 1992 - Ruby Ridge was the site of a deadly confrontation
and siege in northern Idaho in 1992 between Randy Weaver,
his family and his friend Kevin Harris, and agents of
the United States Marshals Service (USMS) and Federal
Bureau of Investigation (FBI). It resulted in the death
of Weaver's son Sammy, his wife Vicki, and Deputy U.S.
Marshal William Francis Degan.
► 1994- HBO aired a concert special featuring
Barbara Streisand and it was her first public concert
in 27 years
► 565 - Columba, an Irish missionary, reported
seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
► 1791 - Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue
began. It ended with the founding of the Republic of
Haiti in 1804.
► 1831 - Nat Turner's slave rebellion began just
after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading
to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred
African Americans who were killed in retaliation for
► 1851 - The first America's Cup was won by the
► 1902 - Cadillac Motor Company was founded.
► 1952 - The French penal colony on Devil's Island
is permanently closed.
► 1963 - American Joe Walker reached an altitude
of 66 miles in an X-15 test plane.
► 1989 - Nolan Ryan struck out Rickey Henderson
to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to
record 5,000 strikeouts.
► 2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended
after refusing to comply with a federal court order
to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments
from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
► 2004 The Edvard Munch Museum's versions of 'Madonna'
and 'The Scream' were stolen by masked men wielding
firearms. The thieves forced the museum guards to lie
down on the floor while they snapped the cable securing
the paintings to the wall and escaped in a black Audi
A6 station wagon, which police later found abandoned.
Both paintings were recovered by the Oslo Police on
31 August 2006.
► 2007 - The Texas Rangers beat the Baltimore
Orioles 30-3, the most runs scored by a team in modern
► 79 - Mount Vesuvius began stirring, on the feast
day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
► 1305 - Sir William Wallace was executed for
high treason at Smithfield in London.
► 1775 - King George III delivered his 'Proclamation
of Rebellion to the Court of St. James's' stating that
the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open
and avowed rebellion.
► 1948 - World Council of Churches was formed.
► 1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph
of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
► 1973 - A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm,
Sweden, turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five
days the hostages begin to sympathize with their captors,
leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
► 1991 - Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World
Wide Web opened the WWW to new users.
► 1996- The Price Is Right celebrated its 25th
anniversary special on CBS
► 1998 - That 70's show premiered on FOX
► 2007 - The skeletal remains of Russia's last
royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of
Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia were
discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
► 2011 (Earthquake) Virginia/East Coast, USA
► 79 (Volcano Eruption) Mount Vesuvius erupted.
The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae were
buried in volcanic ash, although some scholars believe
it was October 24th.
► 1215 - Pope Innocent III declared Magna Carta
► 1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible was
► 1635 - Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635, Colonial
► 1662 - The Act of Uniformity requires England
to accept the Book of Common Prayer.
► 1682 - William Penn received the area that is
now the state of Delaware, and added it to his colony
► 1690 - Job Charnock of the East India Company
establishes a factory in Calcutta, essentially founding
► 1891 - Thomas Edison applied for his patent
(#589,168) the motion picture projector (kinetograph).
It was approved on August 31.
► 1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman
to fly across the United States non-stop, from Los Angeles
to Newark, New Jersey.
► 1979 - The Facts of Life premiered on NBC.
► 1998 - First radio-frequency identification
(RFID) human implantation was tested in the United Kingdom.
► 1609 - Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first
telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
► 1835 - The New York Sun perpetrated the Great
Moon Hoax a six part article falsely attributed to Sir
John Herschel, one of the best-known astronomers of
► 1916 - The United States National Park Service
► 1944 - Paris was liberated by the Allies.
► 1950 - President Harry Truman ordered the US
Army to seize control of the country's railroads to
avert a strike.
► 1994 - My So Called Life premiered on ABC
► 2012 - Voyager 1 spacecraft entered interstellar
space beyond our solar system becoming the first man-made
object to do so.
► 2013 - At the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards, Miley
Cyrus created a controversy by 'Twerking' during a performance
with Robin Thicke.
► 1498 - Michelangelo began his work to carve
the Pieta, depicting the body of Jesus on the lap of
his mother Mary after the Crucifixion.
► 1789 - The Declaration of the Rights of Man
and of the Citizen was approved by the National Constituent
Assembly of France.
► 1791 - John Fitch was granted a United States
patent (# X28) for the steamboat.
► 1883 (Volcano Eruption & Tsunami) Krakatoa
began. It was one of the deadliest and most destructive
volcanic events in recorded history, with at over 36,000
deaths being attributed to the eruption itself and the
tsunamis it created. Small eruptions, mostly of mud,
continued into October 1883.
► 1976 - While camping in Allagash, Maine Jim
Weiner, Jack Weiner, Charles Foltz and Charles Rak claimed
to have been abducted by 'four fingered beings' that
performed experiments on them including alien probing.
► 410 - The sacking of Rome by the Visigoths ended
after three days.
► 1813 - French Emperor Napoleon I defeated a
larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at
the Battle of Dresden.
► 1859 - Petroleum was discovered in Titusville,
Pennsylvania leading to the world's first commercially
successful oil well.
► 1893 - Sea Islands Hurricane, Georgia, South
► 1939 - First flight of the turbojet-powered
Heinkel He 178, the world's first jet aircraft, in Germany.
► 1962 - The Mariner 2 unmanned space mission
was launched to Venus by NASA.
► 2003 - The first 6-party talks, involving South
and North Korea, the United States, China, Japan and
Russia, convened to find a resolution to the security
concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons
► 2003 - Mars made its closest approach to Earth
in nearly 60,000 years, passing just 34,646,418 miles
► 2011 (Hurricane) Irene strikes the United States
east coast, killing 47 people.
► 1609 - Henry Hudson discovered the Delaware
► 1789 - William Herschel discovered another Saturn
► 1830 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's (B&O)
new 'Tom Thumb' steam locomotive races a horse-drawn
car, presaging steam's role in US railroads.
► 1833 - The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 received
Royal Assent, abolishing slavery through most the British
► 1845 - The first issue of Scientific American
magazine was published.
► 1898 - Caleb Bradham invented the carbonated
soft drink that would later be called "Pepsi-Cola".
► 1955 - Black 14-year-old Emmett Till was brutally
murdered in Mississippi, for 'flirting' with a white
woman, galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights
► 1963 - At the March on Washington for Jobs and
Freedom, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his I
Have a Dream speech
► 1996 - Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess
of Wales got divorced.
► 1758 - The first American Indian reservation
was established, at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
► 1831 - Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic
induction, opening the door to electric generators.
► 1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patented the world's
first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
► 1898 - The Goodyear tire company was founded.
► 1922 - The first radio advertisement (for an
apartment complex) was broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York
► 1949 - The Soviet Union tested its first atomic
bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk,
► 1958 - United States Air Force Academy opened
in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
► 1966 - The Beatles performed their last concert
at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
► 1967 - ABC's The Fugitive finale (part 1) was
one of the most-watched episodes of the decade.
► 1982 - The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium,
atomic number 109, was first synthesized at the Gesellschaft
für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
► 1991 - Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union ended
all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
► 2005 (Hurricane) Katrina devastated the US Gulf
Coast, from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing
an estimated 1,836 people.
► 1835 - Melbourne, Australia was founded.
► 1836 - The city of Houston, named after former
General Sam Houston, was founded by Augustus Chapman
Allen and John Kirby Allen.
► 1945 - Hong Kong was liberated from Japan by
British Armed Forces.
► 1963 - The Moscow to Washington hotline between
the leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union went
► 1967 - Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the
first African American Justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States.
► 1984 - The Space Shuttle Discovery took off
on its maiden voyage.
► 1993- David Letterman premiered his late night
talk show on CBS.
► 1999- Countess Vaughn left the series Moesha
for her own spinoff series The Parkers with Monique.
She was the first African-American comedienne to receive
a spin-off TV show.
► 2003 - While being towed across the Barents
Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sank,
taking nine of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear
fuel with her.
► 1803 - Lewis and Clark started their expedition
to the west by leaving Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
► 1888 - Mary Ann Nichols was murdered, the first
of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims.
► 1897 - Thomas Edison received his patent (#
589168) for his Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
► 1962 - Trinidad and Tobago became independent
► 1965 - The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft
made its inaugural flight.
► 1997 - Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion
Dodi Fayed (with driver Henri Paul) died in a car crash
► 2006 - Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream,
stolen on August 22, 2004, was recovered in a raid by