► 1774 - British scientist Joseph Priestley re-discovered
oxygen (the gas), verifying the discovery of it by German-Swedish
chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.
► 1834 - Slavery was abolished in the British Empire
with the Slavery Abolition Act.
► 1980 - Cinemax launched
► 1981 - MTV network debuted on cable television, actually
playing music videos 24 hours a day. The Buggles' "Video
Killed the Radio Star" was the first video shown, followed
by Pat Benatar's "You Better Run".
► 1957 - The United States and Canada formed the North
American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Due to a wrong
number Sears ad misprint, a child called to check on where
Santa was that evening (December 24), and NORAD has been tracking
Santa every Christmas Eve, since its inception.
► 1966 - China's Cultural Revolution began, with purging
(killing) the remnants of capitalist and traditional elements
from Chinese society, and to re-impose Maoist thought as the
dominant ideology within the Party. About 1.5 million people
► 1980 - Vigdis Finnbogadottir was elected President
of Iceland, the world's first democratically elected female
head of state.
► 1984 - Lindow Man was found in a bog, at Lindow Moss,
Cheshire, in northwest England.
► 1610 - Henry Hudson sailed into what is now known
as Hudson Bay (he thought he had made it through the Northwest
Passage, and reached the Pacific Ocean).
► 1776 - The official signing of the United States Declaration
of Independence took place. Matthew Thornton from New Hampshire
signed it on November 4, 1776.
► 1790 - The first United States Census was conducted.
There were 3,929,214 people counted that year.
► 1869 - Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant
class system (Shinokosho) was abolished as part of the Meiji
► 1870 - Tower Subway, the first underground tube railway,
opened in London, England.
► 1873 - The Clay Street Hill Railroad began operating
the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable car system.
► 1937 - The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed in
America, making marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
► 1973 - The Summerland Disaster occurred when a fire
spread through the Summerland leisure centre in Douglas on
the Isle of Man. Fifty people were killed and eighty seriously
injured in fire, started by some boys smoking in a closet.
► 1990 - Iraq invaded Kuwait, leading to the Gulf War.
► 1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos de
la Frontera, Spain.
► 1852 - Harvard University wonthe first Boat Race against
Yale University. The race was the first American intercollegiate
► 1900 - The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company was founded.
► 1936 - Jesse Owens won the 100 meter dash, beating
'the world's fastest man' Ralph Metcalfe at the Berlin Olympics.
► 1946 - Santa Claus Land, the first modern themed amusement
park, opened in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States.
► 1958 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus traveled
under the Arctic ice cap.
► 1977 - Tandy Corporation announced the TRS-80, one
of the world's first mass-produced personal computers. The
basic model originally shipped with 4 KB of RAM.
► 70 - The Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed
by the Romans.
► 1693 - Celebratory date for Dom Perignon's invention
► 1790 - A tariff act created the need for the Revenue
Cutter Service, later renamed The United States Coast Guard.
► 1892 - The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden
were found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
Lizzie was acquitted of the crime.
► 1858 - The Billboard Hot 100 is published for the
first time. The first number-one song of the Hot 100 was "Poor
Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson.
► 1977 - US President Jimmy Carter signed legislation
creating the United States Department of Energy.
► 1987 - The Federal Communications Commission rescinded
the Fairness Doctrine, which had required radio and television
stations to present controversial issues "fairly".
► 1305 - William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance
against England, was captured by the English near Glasgow.
Mel Gibson starred in a dramatization of the story in Braveheart.
► 1620 - The Mayflower departed from Southampton, England,
headed towards North America.
► 1861 - In order to help pay for the war effort, the
United States government levies the first income tax as part
of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% over $800)
► 1882 - The Standard Oil of New Jersey was established.
Standard+Oil=SO=Esso, now Exxon.
► 1888 - Germany's Bertha Benz drove from Mannheim to
Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip
► 1914 - Cleveland, Ohio, installed the first electric
► 1926 - Harry Houdini performed one of his greatest
stunts, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before
► 1957 - American Bandstand debuted on the ABC television
network, with host Dick Clark. The show began locally on Philadelphia
television station WFIL-TV Channel 6 (now WPVI-TV) in 1952.
► 1981 - US President Ronald Reagan fired 11,359 striking
air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to
return to work.
► 2001 - Cable network Odyssey was renamed to Hallmark
► 1787 - 60 copies of the Constitution of the United
States were delivered to the Constitutional Convention in
► 1890 - At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler
was the first person to be executed by electric chair.
► 1926 - Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim
across the English Channel.
► 1926 - In New York, New York, the Warner Bros.' Vitaphone
sound system premiered with the movie Don Juan starring John
Barrymore, with music and sound effects.
► 1945 - Hiroshima, Japan was largely destroyed when
the atomic bomb "Little Boy" was dropped by the
B-29 Enola Gay.
► 1956 - The DuMont Television Network made its final
broadcast, A Boxing Match from the St. Nicholas Arena series.
► 1964 - Prometheus, a bristlecone pine and the world's
oldest tree, at least 4862 years old, was cut down in Nevada.
► 1966 - In a post-fight interview, Howard Cosell honors
Muhammad Ali's wishes to no longer be referred to as Cassius
Clay, making his new name more acceptable by everyone.
► 1986 - Rain fell a record 13 inches of rain in a single
day on Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
► 1988 - Yo! MTV Raps premiered on MTV
► 1996 - NASA announced that the ALH 84001 meteorite,
thought to originate from Mars and found in Antarctica, contained
evidence of primitive life-forms.
► 2012 - NASA's Curiosity rover landed on the surface
► 1782 - George Washington ordered the creation of the
Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle.
It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
► 1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey and three other women became
the first women to complete a transcontinental automobile
trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to
San Francisco, California. Alice drove the whole trip.
► 1930 - Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, two accused African-American
criminals were taken from jail by a mob and lynched. Lawrence
Beitler took a picture of the mob and bodies, inspiring Abel
Meeropol to write a poem, "Bitter Fruit." It was
later rephrased as "Strange Fruit" and recorded
by Billie Holiday.
► 1944 - IBM announced the first program-controlled
calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator,
known best as the Harvard Mark I. It used 765,000 components
and hundreds of miles of wire and weighed about 5 tons.
► 1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (became
Sony in 1958) sold its first transistor radios in Japan.
► 1959 - The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny
went into circulation. It replaced the "wheat" design,
and was minted until 2008.
► 1975 (Typhoon) Nina, China
► 1978 - The US Government made funds available to offer
federal assistance for the Love Canal Disaster
► 1992 - Growing Pains actress Tracy Gold was hospitalized
for anorexia and is written out of most of the final episodes
for the series
► 2007 - High School Musical 2 aired on The Disney Channel
► 1786 - Mont Blanc on the French/Italian border was
climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel
► 1876 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#180,857)
for his mimeograph (Autographic Printing).
► 1908 - Wilbur Wright made his first flight at a racecourse
at Le Mans, France; the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
► 1963 - In England, a gang of 15 train robbers stole
£2.6 million in bank notes in the Great Train Robbery.
They were later caught.
► 1969 - At a 'zebra crossing' in London, photographer
Iain Macmillan took one of the most famous photographs of
all time, the cover of the Beatles album, Abbey Road.
► 1974 - President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television
address, announced his resignation from the office of the
President of the United States, effective noon the next day.
► 1989 - STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia took
off on a secret five-day military mission. It landed at Edwards
Air Force Base, California, on August 13. That's all we know.
► 1991 - The Warsaw Radio Mast was the world's tallest
structure until its collapse today. It was 2,120 feet tall,
and was built 1970-1974.
► 1483 - Opening of the restored Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Renaissance painters Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio,
Domenico Ghirlandaio and Cosimo Roselli contributed. Michelangelo
added his work on the ceiling in 1508-1512.
► 1854 - Henry David Thoreau published Walden or Life
in the Woods.
► 1892 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#480,567)
for a two-way telegraph.
► 1930 - Betty Boop made her cartoon debut in Dizzy
► 1942 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in
Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
► 1944 - Nagasaki, Japan was decimated when an atomic
bomb, Fat Man, was dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar.
► 1969 - Followers of Charles Manson murdered pregnant
actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), Abigail Folger,
Wojciech Frykowski, Jay Sebring and Steven Parent. Leno and
Rosemary LaBianca were killed by the same crew the following
► 2104 - Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American
male in Ferguson, Missouri, was shot and killed by a Ferguson
police officer, sparking protests and unrest in the city.
► 1519 - Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Seville, Spain
to circumnavigate the globe.
► 1675 - The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich
Observatory in London, England was laid.
► 1846 - The Smithsonian Institution was chartered by
the United States Congress.
► 1873 - Louvre Museum opened in France.
► 1932 - An 11 pound chondrite-type meteorite broke
into several pieces and landed near the town of Archie in
Cass County, Missouri.
► 1948 - Candid Camera made its television debut, after
being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
► 1949 - The US Department of War was replaced with
the United States Department of Defense.
► 1971 - The Society for American Baseball Research
is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
► 1977 - In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee
David Berkowitz (the "Son of Sam") was arrested
for a series of killings in the New York City.
► 1984 - Red Dawn, starring Patrick Swayze and Charlie
Sheen, became the first-ever PG-13 movie to be released in
► 1995 In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing,
Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were indicted for the bombing.
Michael Fortier pled guilty in a plea bargain for his testimony.
► 3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used
by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, began.
This was the calendar that caused the Friday, December 21,
► 1858 - The Eiger in the Bernese Alps was ascended
for the first time by Charles Barrington, along with Christian
Almer and Peter Bohren.
► 1929 - Babe Ruth became the first baseball player
to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League
Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
► 1942 - Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil
received a patent (#2,292,387) for a Frequency-hopping communication
system which later became the basis for modern technologies
like wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
► 1965 - The Watts Riots begin in the Watts area of
Los Angeles, California.
► 1984 - "We begin bombing in five minutes"
- US President Ronald Reagan joked, while preparing to make
his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.
► 1991 - Nickelodeon aired the first episodes of "Doug",
"Rugrats" and "Ren & Stimpy"
► 30 BC - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of
the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, committed suicide, by means
of an asp bite.
► 1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent (#8,294) for
his sewing machine.
► 1960 - Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications
satellite, was launched.
► 1977 - The first free flight of the Space Shuttle
► 1981 - The IBM Personal Computer was released.
► 1990 - Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus
Rex skeleton found to date, was discovered by paleontologist
Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
► 1994 - Major League Baseball players went on strike,
forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
► 1521 - Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés
captured Aztec leader Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc and conquered
the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.
► 1868 (Earthquake & Tsunami) Arica, Chile
► 1918 - Opha Mae Johnson was the first woman to enlist
in the United States Marine Corps.
► 1942 - Walt Disney's fifth full-length animated film,
Bambi, was released in theaters.
► 1961 - East Germany closed the border between the
eastern and western sectors of Berlin with the Berlin Wall.
► 1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts were released from
a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker tape parade in New
York, New York.
► 1997 - South Park aired for the first time on Comedy
► 1888 - An audio recording of English composer Arthur
Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings
of music ever made, was played during a press conference introducing
Thomas Edison's phonograph in London, England.
► 1893 - France became the first country to introduce
motor vehicle registration.
► 1935 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security
► 1936 - Rainey Bethea was hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky
in the last public execution in the United States.
► 1945 - Japan accepted the Allied terms of surrender
in World War II
► 1959 - Founding and first official meeting of the
American Football League.
► 1975 - The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running
release in film history, opened at the USA Theatre in Westwood,
Los Angeles, California.
► 1980 - Lech Walesa led the first strike at the Gdansk,
► 1994 - Inside The Actors Studio made its debut on
► 2000 - Dora the Explorer premiered on Nick Jr
► 2010 - The first-ever Youth Olympic Games were held
► 2013 - Egypt declared a state of emergency as security
forces killed hundreds of demonstrators supporting former
president Mohamed Morsi.
► 1483 - Pope Sixtus IV consecrated the Sistine Chapel
and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary.
► 1519 - Panama City, Panama, was founded.
► 1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier came ashore at
► 1843 - Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact
amusement parks in the world, opened in Copenhagen, Denmark.
It may be best known for its wooden roller coaster, Rutschebanen,
or Bjergbanen (the Mountain Coaster), built in 1914
► 1868 (Earthquake) Ecuador
► 1914 - The Panama Canal opened with the transit of
the cargo ship SS Ancon.
► 1935 - Entertainer Will Rogers and pilot Wiley Post
were killed after their aircraft developed engine problems
during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
► 1939 - The Wizard of Oz premiered at Grauman's Chinese
Theater in Los Angeles, California.
► 1947 - India gained Independence from the British
► 1965 - The Beatles played at Shea Stadium in New York.
It is considered the first major rock concert. There were
only a few hundred watts of sound for the band, who did not
have monitors to hear each other, and could not be heard over
the screaming of 60,000 fans.
► 1969 - The Woodstock Music & Art Fair opened in
upstate New York. Tickets for the three-day event were $18
in advance and $24 at the gate, and there was sufficient sound
for the 500,00 attendees.
► 1973 - The United States' bombing of Cambodia ended.
► 1977 - The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by
Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, received
a radio signal from deep space - "6EQUJ5." The event
was named the "Wow! signal" from the notation made
by Jerry Ehman on the project. The signal appears to have
come to the northwest of the globular cluster of M55 in the
constellation Sagittarius, near the Chi Sagittarii star group.
► 1992 - Nickelodeon began airing their Saturday night
programming known as SNICK
► 1858 - President James Buchanan inaugurated the new
transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with
Queen Victoria in the United Kingdom.
► 1896 - Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson
Charlie discovered gold in a tributary of the Klondike River
in Canada, starting the Klondike Gold Rush.
► 1920 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit
on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York
Yankees, and died early the next day.
► 1927 - The Dole Air Race from Oakland, California,
to Honolulu, Hawaii. Six participating planes crashed or disappeared,
only two made it to Hawaii.
► 1930 - The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks,
was made by ex-Disney cartoonist Ub Iwerks. It appeared in
the music video for Eminem's song "The Real Slim Shady."
Ub went back to work for Disney in 1940.
► 1954 - The first issue of Sports Illustrated was published.
► 1989 - A solar flare from the Sun created a geomagnetic
storm that affected micro chips, leading to a halt of all
trading on Toronto's stock market.
► 1807 - Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat left
New York, New York, to Albany, New York, on the Hudson River,
inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the
► 1896 - Bridget Driscoll was run over by a Benz car
in the grounds of The Crystal Palace, London. She was the
UK's first pedestrian motoring fatality.
► 1907 - Pike Place Market, in Seattle's historic district,
► 1908 - Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon,
created by Emile Cohl, was shown in Paris, France.
► 1953 - The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous took
place in Southern California.
► 1958 - Pioneer 0, America's first attempt at lunar
orbit, is launched using the first Thor-Able rocket and failed.
► 1959 - Kind of Blue by Miles Davis, the best-selling
jazz recording of all time, was released.
► 1969 - Hurricane Camille (Category 5) hit the U.S.
Gulf Coast, killing 256 people.
► 1977 - The Soviet icebreaker Arktika became the first
surface ship to reach the North Pole.
► 1978 - Double Eagle II became the first balloon to
cross the Atlantic Ocean when it landed in Miserey, France
near Paris, 137 hours after leaving Presque Isle, Maine.
► 1990 (Earthquake) Izmit, Turkey
► 2005 - Weeds premiered on Showtime
► 2008 - American swimmer Michael Phelps became the
first person to win eight gold medals in one Olympic Games.
► 1587 - Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor John
White of the Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first English
child born in the Americas to Ananias and Eleanor Dare. She
and the rest of the colonists at Roanoke disappeared at some
point before August 18, 1590. The only clue was the word "Croatoan"
carved into a post.
► 1868 - French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovered
► 1903 - German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flew his
self-made, motored gliding airplane four months before the
first flight of the Wright brothers.
► 1958 - Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita
was published in the United States.
► 1977 - Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock
under the 'Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967' in King William's
Town, South Africa. He died from injuries that occurred during
his arrest. Peter Gabriel released a tribute to him, "Biko",
which became a hit in 1980.
► 2005 - A massive power blackout hits the Indonesian
island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people, the one
of the largest and most widespread power outages in history,
and lasted just over six hours.
► 295 BC - The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess
of love, beauty and fertility, was dedicated by Quintus Fabius
► 1612 - The "Samlesbury witches", three women
from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, were put
on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, with all three
of the Samlesbury women acquitted.
► 1692 - In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five
people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are
executed after being convicted of witchcraft at the Salem
► 1812 - American frigate USS Constitution defeated
the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia,
Canada, earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
► 1848 - The New York Herald published the news to the
East Coast of the US about the Gold Rush in California .
► 1909 - The first automobile race at the Indianapolis
► 1934 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby was held
in Dayton, Ohio.
► 1960 - With Korabl-Sputnik 2, the Soviet Union launched
the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two
rats and a variety of plants. All of the creatures survived
► 1964 - Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication
satellite, was launched.
► 1991 - Black groups target Hasidic Jews on the streets
of Crown Heights in New York, New York for three days, after
two black children were hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man.
► 1000 - The foundation of the Hungarian state by Saint
► 1858 - Charles Darwin first published his theory of
evolution through natural selection in The Journal of the
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London
► 1882 - Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuted in Moscow,
► 1920 - The first commercial radio station, 8MK "Detroit
News Radiophone" (now WWJ), began operations in Detroit,
► 1938 - Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam,
a record that stood until 2013 years when it was broken by
► 1975 - NASA launched the Viking 1 planetary probe
► 1977 - NASA launched the Voyager 2 spacecraft towards
the outer solar system..
► 1883 - An F5 tornado strikes Rochester, Minnesota,
leading to the creation of the Mayo Clinic.
► 1888 - The first practical adding machine in the United
States was patented (#'s 388,116-388,119) by William Seward
► 1911 - The Mona Lisa was stolen by a Louvre employee,
Vincenzo Peruggia. It was returned in 1913.
► 1957 - The Soviet Union successfully conducted a long-range
test flight of the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental
► 1961 - Motown released what would be its first #1
hit, "Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
► 1979 - Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected to
the United States.
► 1992 - Ruby Ridge was the site of a deadly confrontation
and siege in northern Idaho in 1992 between Randy Weaver,
his family and his friend Kevin Harris, and agents of the
United States Marshals Service (USMS) and Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI). It resulted in the death of Weaver's
son Sammy, his wife Vicki, and Deputy U.S. Marshal William
► 1994- HBO aired a concert special featuring Barbara
Streisand and it was her first public concert in 27 years
► 565 - Columba, an Irish missionary, reported seeing
a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
► 1791 - Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue
began. It ended with the founding of the Republic of Haiti
► 1831 - Nat Turner's slave rebellion began just after
midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths
of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans
who were killed in retaliation for the uprising.
► 1851 - The first America's Cup was won by the yacht
► 1902 - Cadillac Motor Company was founded.
► 1952 - The French penal colony on Devil's Island is
► 1963 - American Joe Walker reached an altitude of
66 miles in an X-15 test plane.
► 1989 - Nolan Ryan struck out Rickey Henderson to become
the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.
► 2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended
after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove
a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby
of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
► 2004 The Edvard Munch Museum's versions of 'Madonna'
and 'The Scream' were stolen by masked men wielding firearms.
The thieves forced the museum guards to lie down on the floor
while they snapped the cable securing the paintings to the
wall and escaped in a black Audi A6 station wagon, which police
later found abandoned. Both paintings were recovered by the
Oslo Police on 31 August 2006.
► 2007 - The Texas Rangers beat the Baltimore Orioles
30-3, the most runs scored by a team in modern MLB history.
► 79 - Mount Vesuvius began stirring, on the feast day
of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
► 1305 - Sir William Wallace was executed for high treason
at Smithfield in London.
► 1775 - King George III delivered his 'Proclamation
of Rebellion to the Court of St. James's' stating that the
American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed
► 1948 - World Council of Churches was formed.
► 1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of
Earth from orbit around the Moon.
► 1973 - A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden,
turns into a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages
begin to sympathize with their captors, leading to the term
► 1991 - Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide
Web opened the WWW to new users.
► 1996- The Price Is Right celebrated its 25th anniversary
special on CBS
► 1998 - That 70's show premiered on FOX
► 2007 - The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal
family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and
his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia were discovered near Yekaterinburg,
► 2011 (Earthquake) Virginia/East Coast, USA
► 79 (Volcano Eruption) Mount Vesuvius erupted. The
cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae were buried in
volcanic ash, although some scholars believe it was October
► 1215 - Pope Innocent III declared Magna Carta invalid.
► 1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible was completed.
► 1635 - Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635, Colonial
► 1662 - The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept
the Book of Common Prayer.
► 1682 - William Penn received the area that is now
the state of Delaware, and added it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
► 1690 - Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes
a factory in Calcutta, essentially founding the city.
► 1891 - Thomas Edison applied for his patent (#589,168)
the motion picture projector (kinetograph). It was approved
on August 31.
► 1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly
across the United States non-stop, from Los Angeles to Newark,
► 1979 - The Facts of Life premiered on NBC.
► 1998 - First radio-frequency identification (RFID)
human implantation was tested in the United Kingdom.
► 1609 - Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first telescope
to Venetian lawmakers.
► 1835 - The New York Sun perpetrated the Great Moon
Hoax a six part article falsely attributed to Sir John Herschel,
one of the best-known astronomers of his time.
► 1916 - The United States National Park Service was
► 1944 - Paris was liberated by the Allies.
► 1950 - President Harry Truman ordered the US Army
to seize control of the country's railroads to avert a strike.
► 1994 - My So Called Life premiered on ABC
► 2012 - Voyager 1 spacecraft entered interstellar space
beyond our solar system becoming the first man-made object
to do so.
► 2013 - At the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards, Miley Cyrus
created a controversy by 'Twerking' during a performance with
► 1498 - Michelangelo began his work to carve the Pieta,
depicting the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary
after the Crucifixion.
► 1789 - The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of
the Citizen was approved by the National Constituent Assembly
► 1791 - John Fitch was granted a United States patent
(# X28) for the steamboat.
► 1883 (Volcano Eruption & Tsunami) Krakatoa began.
It was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic
events in recorded history, with at over 36,000 deaths being
attributed to the eruption itself and the tsunamis it created.
Small eruptions, mostly of mud, continued into October 1883.
► 1976 - While camping in Allagash, Maine Jim Weiner,
Jack Weiner, Charles Foltz and Charles Rak claimed to have
been abducted by 'four fingered beings' that performed experiments
on them including alien probing.
► 410 - The sacking of Rome by the Visigoths ended after
► 1813 - French Emperor Napoleon I defeated a larger
force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at the Battle
► 1859 - Petroleum was discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania
leading to the world's first commercially successful oil well.
► 1893 - Sea Islands Hurricane, Georgia, South Carolina.
► 1939 - First flight of the turbojet-powered Heinkel
He 178, the world's first jet aircraft, in Germany.
► 1962 - The Mariner 2 unmanned space mission was launched
to Venus by NASA.
► 2003 - The first 6-party talks, involving South and
North Korea, the United States, China, Japan and Russia, convened
to find a resolution to the security concerns as a result
of the North Korean nuclear weapons program.
► 2003 - Mars made its closest approach to Earth in
nearly 60,000 years, passing just 34,646,418 miles away.
► 2011 (Hurricane) Irene strikes the United States east
coast, killing 47 people.
► 1609 - Henry Hudson discovered the Delaware Bay.
► 1789 - William Herschel discovered another Saturn
► 1830 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's (B&O)
new 'Tom Thumb' steam locomotive races a horse-drawn car,
presaging steam's role in US railroads.
► 1833 - The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 received Royal
Assent, abolishing slavery through most the British Empire.
► 1845 - The first issue of Scientific American magazine
► 1898 - Caleb Bradham invented the carbonated soft
drink that would later be called "Pepsi-Cola".
► 1955 - Black 14-year-old Emmett Till was brutally
murdered in Mississippi, for 'flirting' with a white woman,
galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
► 1963 - At the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom,
Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his I Have a Dream speech
► 1996 - Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess
of Wales got divorced.
► 1758 - The first American Indian reservation was established,
at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
► 1831 - Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction,
opening the door to electric generators.
► 1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patented the world's first
internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
► 1898 - The Goodyear tire company was founded.
► 1922 - The first radio advertisement (for an apartment
complex) was broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York City.
► 1949 - The Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb,
known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
► 1958 - United States Air Force Academy opened in Colorado
► 1966 - The Beatles performed their last concert at
Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
► 1967 - ABC's The Fugitive finale (part 1) was one
of the most-watched episodes of the decade.
► 1982 - The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium,
atomic number 109, was first synthesized at the Gesellschaft
für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
► 1991 - Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union ended all
activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
► 2005 (Hurricane) Katrina devastated the US Gulf Coast,
from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing an estimated
► 1835 - Melbourne, Australia was founded.
► 1836 - The city of Houston, named after former General
Sam Houston, was founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John
► 1945 - Hong Kong was liberated from Japan by British
► 1963 - The Moscow to Washington hotline between the
leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union went into operation.
► 1967 - Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the first
African American Justice of the Supreme Court of the United
► 1984 - The Space Shuttle Discovery took off on its
► 1993- David Letterman premiered his late night talk
show on CBS.
► 1999- Countess Vaughn left the series Moesha for her
own spinoff series The Parkers with Monique. She was the first
African-American comedienne to receive a spin-off TV show.
► 2003 - While being towed across the Barents Sea, the
de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sank, taking nine
of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her.
► 1803 - Lewis and Clark started their expedition to
the west by leaving Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
► 1888 - Mary Ann Nichols was murdered, the first of
Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims.
► 1897 - Thomas Edison received his patent (# 589168)
for his Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
► 1962 - Trinidad and Tobago became independent from
► 1965 - The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft made
its inaugural flight.
► 1997 - Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi
Fayed (with driver Henri Paul) died in a car crash in Paris.
► 2006 - Edvard Munch's famous painting The
Scream, stolen on August 22, 2004, was recovered in a raid
by Norwegian police.