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Pisces (February 19 - March 20)
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|The Anglo-Saxons called the
month Hlyd monath which means Stormy month, or Hraed monath
which means Rugged month.
The word 'March' comes from the Roman 'Martius'. This was
originally the first month of the Roman calendar and was named
after Mars, the god of war. March was the beginning of our
calendar year. We changed to the 'New Style' or 'Gregorian
calendar in 1752, and it is only since then when we the year
began on 1st January.
The name of March comes from Latin Martius, the first month
of the earliest Roman calendar. It was named for Mars, the
Roman god of war who was also regarded as a guardian of agriculture
and an ancestor of the Roman people through his sons Romulus
and Remus. His month Martius was the beginning of the season
for both farming and warfare, and the festivals held in his
honor during the month were mirrored by others in October,
when the season for these activities came to a close.
Martius remained the first month of the Roman calendar year
perhaps as late as 153 BC, and several religious observances
in the first half of the month were originally new year's
celebrations. Even in late antiquity, Roman mosaics picturing
the months sometimes still placed March first.
The Jewish Passover usually falls on the first full moon
after the Northern Hemisphere vernal equinox, although occasionally
(7 times every 19 years) it will occur on the second full
moon. The Christian churches calculate Easter as the first
Sunday after the first full moon on or after the March equinox.
The official church definition for the equinox is March 21;
however, as the Eastern Orthodox Churches use the older Julian
calendar, while the Western Churches use the Gregorian calendar,
both of which designate March 21 as the equinox, the actual
date of Easter differs. The earliest possible Easter date
in any year is therefore March 22 on each calendar. The latest
possible Easter date in any year is April 25.
|The March equinox occurs the moment the sun crosses
the celestial equator )the imaginary line in the sky above the
Earth’s equator) from south to north. This happens either on
March 19, 20 or 21 every year.
|How Easter Is Decided In The Western
In 325 AD the Council of Nicaea established that Easter would
be held on the first Sunday after the first full moon occurring
on or after the vernal equinox. From that point forward, the
Easter date depended on the ecclesiastical approximation of
March 21 for the vernal equinox.
Easter is delayed by 1 week if the full moon is on Sunday,
which decreases the chances of it falling on the same day
as the Jewish Passover. The council’s ruling is contrary to
the Quartodecimans, a group of Christians who celebrated Easter
on the day of the full moon, 14 days into the month.
"When March comes in like a lion it goes out like a
"Daffodils, that come before the swallow dares, and
take the winds of March with beauty."
- William Shakespeare
"A dry March and a wet May - fill barns and bays with
corn and hay."
"As it rains in March so it rains in June."
"March winds and April showers bring forth May flowers."