► 1881 - The world's first international telephone call
was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais,
Maine, United States.
► 1903 - The first Tour de France bicycle race began.
► 1943 - Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture area
and was dissolved. Since this date, no city in Japan actually
has the name "Tokyo" - that is, present-day Tokyo
is not officially a city.
► 1963 - ZIP codes were introduced for US mail.
► 1965 - Maurice Masse, a farmer, in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence,
France said he was 'frozen' by aliens while investigating
the strange noises they were making.
► 1971 - The Post Office Department (17921971)
became the United States Postal Service
► 1972 - The first Gay Pride march in England took place.
► 1979 - Sony introduced the Walkman (in Japan).
► 1980 - "O Canada" officially became the
national anthem of Canada.
► 1985 - A&E separated from sister channel Nickelodeon.
► 1984 - The PG-13 rating is introduced by the Motion
Picture Association of America (MPAA).
► 1985 - Nike-at-Nite began on Nickelodeon
► 1991 - Court TV, which later became truTV, began airing
in the US.
► 2007 - Smoking in England was banned in all public
► 2007 - The Concert for Diana was held at the new Wembley
Stadium in London and broadcast in 140 countries, on which
would have been her 46th birthday.
► 1698 - Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine.
► 1776 - The Continental Congress adopted a resolution
severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain, although
the final wording of the formal Declaration of Independence
was not approved until July 4.
► 1839 - 53 African slaves took over the slave ship
► 1890 - The US Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust
► 1962 - The first Wal-Mart store opened in Rogers,
► 1964 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the (Republican
written) Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant to prohibit segregation
in public places.
► 2002 - Steve Fossett became the first person to fly
solo around the world (Australia to Australia ) nonstop in
a balloon in just under two weeks.
► 2005 - The Live 8 benefit concerts - more than 1,000
musicians performed and were broadcast on 182 television networks
and 2,000 radio networks.
► 1819 - The Bank of Savings in New York City, an early
savings bank in the United States, opened. Many think it was
the oldest, but the Philadelphia Saving Fund Society, was
headquartered in Philadelphia, PA. PSFS was founded in December
► 1852 - Congress established the United States' 2nd
mint in San Francisco.
► 1884 - Dow Jones and Company published its first stock
average. The company was founded by three reporters: Charles
Dow, Edward Jones, and Charles Bergstresser.
► 1952 - The Constitution of Puerto Rico was approved
by the Congress of the United States.
► 1969 - Rolling Stone member Brian Jones dies in an
accidental drowning (aged 27)
► 1969 - Lulu the elephant went off script on live BBC
television's 'Blue Peter,' making the first on-air animal
we could find.
► 1971 - Doors frontman Jim Morrison died of an accidental
drug overdose (aged 27)
► 1985 - Back to the Future was released, featuring
the now famous 1981 DeLorean DMC-12 time machine/automobile
► 1054 - A supernova was seen for several months by
Chinese, Arab near the star Zeta Tauri - its remnants form
the Crab Nebula.
► 1826 - John Adams, second president of the United
States, died the same day as Thomas Jefferson, third president
of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption
of the United States' Declaration of Independence. The two
founding fathers did not get along during their careers.
► 1827 - Slavery was abolished in New York State.
► 1855 - The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of
poems, Leaves of Grass, was published.
► 1862 - Lewis Carroll told 10-year-old Alice Liddell
a story that was the basis for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland,
published in 1865.
► 1939 - Lou Gehrig, gave his famous "The luckiest
man on the face of the earth" speech, and announced his
retirement from major league baseball.
► 1946 - The Philippines gained full independence from
the United States.
► 1950 - Radio Free Europe was first broadcast.
► 1961 - Soviet Submarine k-19 Nuclear Underwater Disaster
► 1966 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom
of Information Act into United States law, effective in 1967.
► 1976 - The Clash performed publicly for the first
time at The Black Swan, in Sheffield, England.
► 1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe landed on the
surface of Mars.
► 2005 - The Deep Impact collider struck the comet Tempel
► 2012 - The discovery of particles consistent with
the "God particle" - Higgs boson at the Large Hadron
Collider were announced at CERN.
► 1687 - Isaac Newton published "Mathematical Principles
of Natural Philosophy."
► 1841 - Thomas Cook organized the first package excursion
(planned vacation tour), from Leicester to Loughborough.
► 1865 - William Booth and his wife Catherine establish
the Christian Mission, later known as the Salvation Army (1878).
► 1921 - Chicago White Sox players were accused of "throwing"
(lose intentionally) the World Series.
► 1937 - Spam (the luncheon meat, not the internet junk)
was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
► 1946 - French designer Louis Reard introduced the
Bikini in Paris.
► 1954 - The BBC broadcasted its first television news
► 1971 - The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States
Constitution, lowering the American voting age from 21 to
18 years, was formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
► 1996 - Dolly the sheep was born - the first mammal
cloned from an adult cell (she actually had three monthers)
► 2012 - The Shard in London was inaugurated as the
tallest building in Europe, with a height of 1,020 ft.
► 1189 - Richard I "the Lionheart" acceded
to the English throne.
► 1348 - Pope Clement VI issued a papal bull (rule)
protecting the Jews accused of having caused the Black Death.
► 1415 - Jan Hus, an early church reformer, was condemned
as a heretic and then burned at the stake.
► 1483 - Richard III was crowned King of England. Although
he died in 1485, his body was lost until 2013. Because of
that, many people consider him the greatest 'hide and seek'
champion of all time.
► 1535 - Sir (& Catholic Saint) Thomas More is executed
for treason against King Henry VIII.
► 1865 - The first issue of The Nation magazine is published.
► 1933 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game
was played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League
defeated the National League 42.
► 1947 - The AK-47 assault rifle went into production
in the Soviet Union.
► 1456 - A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc of
heresy, authorized by Pope Callixtus III, 25 years after her
► 1520 - Spanish conquistadores defeated a larger Aztec
army at the Battle of Otumba.
► 1898 - US President William McKinley signed the Newlands
Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
► 1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first 'Ziegfeld
Follies' on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
► 1928 - Sliced bread was sold for the first time, by
the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
► 1930 - The construction of the Hoover Dam began. It
was completed/dedicated on September 30, 1935
► 1946 - Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the first
American to be canonized by the Catholic Church.
► 1946 - Howard Hughes crashed his XF-11 reconnaissance
aircraft prototype in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
► 1947 - The Roswell incident, a reported crash of an
alien spaceship near Roswell in New Mexico.
► 1954 - Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ
Memphis played his recording for Sun Records, "That's
► 1981 - US President Ronald Reagan (R) appointed Sandra
Day O'Connor to become the first female member of the Supreme
Court of the United States.
► 2005 - A series of four explosions occurred on London's
transportation system killing 56 people including four suicide
bombers and injuring over 700 others.
► 2006 - Psych premiered on USA
► 2009 - Warehouse 13 premiered on Syfy
► 1776 - The Liberty Bell rang at Pennsylvania State
House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, inviting citizens
to the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence.
► 1876 White supremacists killed five Black Republicans
in Hamburg, South Carolina.
► 1889 - The first issue of The Wall Street Journal
► 1932 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached its
lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at 41.22.
► 1947 - Newspapers begin reporting on a UFO crash that
had happened one day earlier.
► 1948 - The United States Air Force accepted its first
female recruits into a program called Women in the Air Force
► 1991- Shop Til' You Drop premiered on Lifetime
► 1992- Melrose Place made its' debut on FOX as a follow-up
► 1994 - Kim Jong-il assumed supreme leadership of North
Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
► 1540 - King Henry VIII of England annulled the marriage
to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
► 1776 - George Washington ordered the Declaration of
Independence to be read out loud to members of the Continental
Army in New York, New York, for the first time.
► 1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution
was ratified, insuring African Americans (ex-slaves born in
the United States) full citizenship and all persons in the
United States due process of law.
► 1877 - The inaugural Wimbledon Tennis Championships
began at the All England Club.
► 1922 - Future film star Johnny Weissmuller swam the
100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds, breaking the world swimming
record and the 'minute barrier'.
► 1962 - Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition
opened at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
► 1981 - Donkey Kong, a video game created by Nintendo,
was released, featuring the debut of Mario.
► 1913 - Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57
°C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
► 1921 - (Sunday) Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people were
killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles
in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
► 1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, the "Monkey Trial"
began with John T. Scopes, a high school science teacher accused
of teaching the theory of evolution in violation of the Butler
► 1938 - Howard Hughes set a record by completing a
91-hour airplane flight around the world.
► 1950 - Your Hit Parade debuted on NBC.
► 1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications satellite,
was launched into orbit. An instrumental pop tune by The Tornadoes
titled after the event reached #1 on the Billboard Pop Music
► 1966 - Ultraman debuted in Japan
► 1978 - World News Tonight premiered on ABC.
► 1796 - The United States took possession of Detroit
from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
► 1798 - The United States Marine Corps was re-established
(they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary
► 1889 - Tijuana, Mexico, was founded.
► 1893 - The first cultured pearl was created under
the direction of Kokichi Mikimoto, in Japan.
► 1914 - Babe Ruth made his debut in Major League Baseball
with the Boston Red Sox.
► 1922 - The Daisy Dell reopened as The Hollywood Bowl.
► 1960 - To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee was published
in the United States.
► 1972 - The first game of the World Chess Championship
1972 between challenger Bobby Fischer and defending champion
Boris Spassky began.
► 1973 - Varig Flight 820 crashed near Paris, France
on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on board.
In response, the FAA (The Federal Aviation Authority) banned
smoking on flights.
► 1977 - Martin Luther King, Jr. was posthumously awarded
the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
► 1979 - America's first space station, Skylab, was
destroyed as it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere over the
► 2012 - Astronomers announced the discovery of Styx,
the fifth moon of Pluto.
► 927 - Æthelstan, King of England, secured a
pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter would
not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process of unifying
Great Britain. This is considered by most historians to the
closest thing that England has to a foundation date.
► 1543 - King Henry VIII of England married his sixth
(and last) wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
► 1862 - The Medal of Honor was authorized by the United
States Congress. In 1990, Congress designated March 25 annually
as "National Medal of Honor Day."
► 1962 - The Rolling Stones performed their first concert,
at the Marquee Club in London, England, United Kingdom.
► 1997 - Oz premiered on HBO
► 2002 - Monk premiered on the USA Network
► 1787 - The Continental Congress enacted the Northwest
Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory.
It also established procedures for the admission of new states
and limits the expansion of slavery.
► 1977 - New York City Blackout of 1977
► 1985 - Live Aid was broadcast from both London and
Philadelphia, on MTV and in syndication
► 2002 - Fox News Channel became the #1 cable TV news
service of the US, beating long-time champ CNN
► 2013 - George Zimmerman was found not guilty in the
shooting of Trayvon Martin.
► 1798 - The Sedition Act became law in the United States,
making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false
or malicious statements about the United States government.
► 1853 - Opening of the first major US World's Fair
- the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York
► 1874 - The 'Little Chicago Fire' of 1874 burns down
47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20.
The October 10, 1871 'Great Chicago Fire' was bigger.
► 1881 - Billy the Kid was shot and killed by frenemy
Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
► 1911 - Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright
Brothers, landed his airplane at the South Lawn of the White
► 1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political
parties were outlawed except the Nazi Party.
► 1933 - The Nazi eugenics plan began with the proclamation
of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring,
which called for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen
who suffered from alleged genetic disorders.
► 1060 - Jane Goodall arrived at the Gombe Stream Reserve
in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees
in the wild.
► 1969 - The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and
$10,000 bills were officially withdrawn from circulation.
► 1992 - 386BSD as released by Lynne and William Jolitz
beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus
Torvalds released his Linux soon afterwards.
► 2000 - A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille
Day event, caused a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
► 2008 - The Wendy Williams Show premiered, in syndication
► 850 (Earthquake) Iran
► 1149 - The reconstructed Church of the Holy Sepulchre
was consecrated in Jerusalem.
► 1799 - The Rosetta Stone was found in the Egyptian
village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François
Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
► 1834 - The Spanish Inquisition is officially disbanded
after nearly 356 years. Several thousand people were actually
executed over this time, about a dozen per year.
► 1838 - Ralph Waldo Emerson delivered the Divinity
School Address at Harvard Divinity School, discounting Biblical
miracles and declaring Jesus a great man, but not God. The
Christian Community was not pleased.
► 1954 - First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype
for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series.
► 1979 - US President Jimmy Carter gives his so-called
malaise speech, where he characterizes the greatest threat
to the country as "this crisis in the growing doubt about
the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of
purpose for our nation."
► 2003 - The Mozilla Foundation was established.
► 2006 - Twitter was launched. 140 characters could
say a lot.
► 2007 - Rock of Love with Bret Michaels premiered on
► 622 - The 354 day Islamic Calendar was established.
► 1769 - Father Junípero Serra founded California's
first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá, alter known
as San Diego, California.
► 1790 - The District of Columbia was established as
the capital of the United States with the Residence Act.
► 1862 - David Farragut was promoted to rear admiral,
becoming the first officer in United States Navy to hold the
► 1915 - The Boy Scout's First Order of the Arrow ceremony
took place and the Order of the Arrow was founded.
► 1935 - The world's first parking meter was installed
in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The first US patent for the device
was filed by Roger W. Babson, on August 30, 1928.
► 1941 - Joe DiMaggio hit safely for the 56th consecutive
game, a MLB record that still stands.
► 1945 - (Manhattan Project) Manhattan Project: The
United States successfully detonated a plutonium-based test
nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
► 1951 - The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger was
published for the first time, by Little, Brown and Company.
► 1965 - The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy
► 1429 - Charles VII of France was crowned the King
of France in the Reims Cathedral after a successful campaign
by Joan of Arc.
► 1856 - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 in Fort Washington,
Pennsylvania, injuring over 100, and killing about 60 people.
► 1918 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his immediate
family were murdered by Bolshevik Chekists at the Ipatiev
House in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
► 1838 - Douglas Corrigan took off from Brooklyn to
fly the "wrong way" to Ireland and becomes known
as "Wrong Way" Corrigan.
► 1955 - Disneyland was dedicated and opened by Walt
Disney in Anaheim, California.
► 1981 - A structural failure caused the collapse of
a walkway at the Hyatt Regency in Kansas City, Missouri killing
114 people and injuring more than 200.
► 1989 - First flight of the Northrop B-2 Spirit Stealth
► 2014 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777,
was shot down near the border of Ukraine and Russia. All 298
people on board are killed.
► 1870 - The First Vatican Council decreed the dogma
of papal infallibility.
► 1925 - Adolf Hitler published Mein Kampf.
► 1968 - Intel was founded in Mountain View, California.
► 1969 - Off of Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy
from Massachusetts drove an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his
passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, died.
► 1976 - Nadia Comaneci became the first person in Olympic
Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976
► 2013 - The Government of Detroit filed for the largest
municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history, with approximately $20B
► 64 - Great Fire of Rome occurred, destroying half
of the city. Contrary to rumors, Nero did not play the fiddle
while it burned, but did blame "the Christians."
► 1848 - A two-day Women's Rights Convention opened
in Seneca Falls, New York.
► 1952 - The Summer Olympics, officially known as the
Games of the XV Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki, Finland.
► 1995 - Road Rules made its debut on MTV
► 1996 - Tales From The Crypt TV series came to an end
► 1940 - California opened its first freeway, the Arroyo
► 1960 - The Polaris missile was successfully launched
from a submarine, the USS George Washington, for the first
► 1969 - A live transmission from the Moon was viewed
by 720 million people around the world, with the landing of
Apollo 11, at 10:56 p.m. EDT on July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong
and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto the surface of the Moon, live
on international television.
► 1976 - The American Viking 1 spacecraft successfully
landed on Mars.
► 1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency released documents
under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged
in mind control experiments.
► 1982 - The Provisional IRA detonated two bombs in
Hyde Park and Regent's Park in central London, killing eight
soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and killing seven horses.
► 1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (a.k.a.
Old Ironsides) celebrated its 200th birthday by setting sail
again for the first time in 116 years.
► 2005 - Criss Angel Mindfreak debuted on A&E
► 356 BC - The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of
the Seven Wonders of the World, was destroyed by arson.
► 1865 - In Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok
shot and killed Davis Tutt, in what is considered as the first
► 1873 - Near Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger
Gang pulled off the first successful train robbery in the
'American Old West.'
► 1902 - Willis Carrier showed his air conditioner concept
in Buffalo, New York.
► 1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher
John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution in class,
and fined $100.
► 1949 - The United States Senate ratified the North
Atlantic Treaty (NATO).
► 1952 (Earthquake) California/Arizona/Nevada
► 1983 - The world's lowest temperature in an inhabited
location was recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica (-128.6
°F, -89.2 °C).
► 2011 - NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the
landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.
► 1933 - Wiley Post became the first person to fly solo
around the world, traveling 15,596 miles (25,099 km) in seven
days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
► 1934 - In front of Chicago's Biograph Theater, "Public
Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger was shot and killed by FBI
► 1962 - Mariner 1 spacecraft flew off course several
minutes after launch and had to be destroyed by remote control.
► 1991 - Jeffrey Dahmer was arrested in Milwaukee after
police discovered human remains in his apartment.
► 1996- The Daily Show premiered on Comedy Central
► 2011 - Norway was the location of twin terror attacks,
the first being a bomb blast which targeted government buildings
in central Oslo(killing 8 and injuring 209), the second being
a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya,
killing 69 and injuring 110.
► 1829 - In the United States, William Austin Burt patented
(#5581X) the typographer, an early typewriter.
► 1903 - The Ford Motor Company sold and shipped its
first car, the Ford Model A.
► 1926 - Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone
sound system, for recording sound onto film.
► 1961 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front was
founded in Nicaragua.
► 1962 - Telstar relayed the first publicly transmitted,
live, trans-Atlantic television program, featuring CBS's Walter
Cronkite and NBC's Chet Huntley in New York, and the BBC's
Richard Dimbleby in Brussels.
► 1972 - The United States launched Landsat 1, the first
Earth-resources satellite. The spacecraft was turned off on
January 6, 1978, due to overheating.
► 1984 - Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America
to resign when she surrendered her crown after (earlier) nude
photos of her appeared in Penthouse magazine.
► 1995 - Comet HaleBopp is discovered, and was
visible to the naked eye on Earth a year later.
► 1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced to abdicate
and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI, after the sudden
death of one husband and the quick marriage to another.
► 1823 - Slavery was abolished in Chile.
► 1847 - Brigham Young brought 148 Mormon pioneers into
Salt Lake Valley, establishing Salt Lake City.
► 1901 - Writer O. Henry (William Sydney Porter) was
released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three
years for embezzlement from a bank.
► 1915 - SS Eastland overturned on the Chicago River.
► 1935 - The Dust Bowl heat wave reached its peak, with
temperatures of 109°F (43°C) in Chicago, Illinois
and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
► 1950 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station opened with
the launch of Bumper rocket 8. The first 7 Bumpers were launched
from White Sands, New Mexico.
► 1974 - The United States Supreme Court unanimously
ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority
to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they ordered
him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor,
► 2002 - Democrat James Traficant was expelled from
the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420
to 1 (CA Representative Gary Condit didn't vote against him).
► 306 - Constantine I (Constantine The Great) was proclaimed
Roman emperor by his troops.
► 1593 - Henry IV of France converted from Protestantism
to Roman Catholicism.
► 1668 (Earthquake) China
► 1861 - The United States Congress passed the Crittenden-Johnson
Resolution, stating that the war was being fought to preserve
the Union and not to end slavery.
► 1959 - The SR.N1 hovercraft crossed the English Channel
from Calais, France to Dover, England in just over two hours.
► 1965 - Bob Dylan played an electric guitar at the
Newport Folk Festival, surprising fans of folk and rock music.
► 1976 - Viking 1 took the now-famous Face on Mars photo.
► 1978 - Louise Brown, the world's first "test
tube baby" was born at Oldham General Hospital, Oldham,
► 1984 - Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became
the first woman to perform a space walk.
► 2010 - WikiLeaks publishes classified documents about
the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in US military
► 1775 - Allowance for The United States Post Office
Department was established by the Second Continental Congress.
It was called the Post Office Department 17921971. United
States Postal Service was effective on July 1, 1971.
► 1847 - Liberia disbanded from the support of American
Colonization Society, and formalized their settlement as the
Republic of Liberia.
► 1887 - Dr. Esperanto's International Language, usually
referred to as Unua Libro (English: First Book) was published.
► 1908 - United States Attorney General Charles Joseph
Bonaparte issued an order to staff the Bureau of Investigation
(BOI - later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI).
► 1941 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered
the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
► 1946 - Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu
► 1963 - Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous
satellite, was launched from Cape Canaveral. It was used to
telecast the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo to the United States
► 1694 - A Royal charter was granted to the Bank of
► 1789 - The first US federal government agency, the
Department of Foreign Affairs, was established (later renamed
the Department of State).
► 1866 - The first permanent transatlantic telegraph
cable was successfully completed, stretching from Valentia
Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Newfoundland.
► 1890 - Vincent van Gogh shot himself, and died from
the chest wound on July 29.
► 1929 - The Geneva Convention was signed at Geneva,
Switzerland. The full official name is the 'Convention Relative
to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, Geneva July 27, 1929.'
► 1940 - The animated short A Wild Hare is released,
introducing the character of Bugs Bunny. "What's up,
Doc?" was the first line the still-unnamed rabbit said
to Elmer Fudd.
► 1981 - Adam Walsh, the 6-year-old son of John &
Reve Walsh, was kidnapped in Hollywood, Florida and is found
murdered two weeks later.
► 1987 - RMS Titanic Inc. begins the first expedited
salvage of wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
► 1996 - In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes
at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Security guard Richard Jewell saved many people, although
there were many injuries. Jewell was also falsely accused
on setting the bomb. He was exonerated and
► Eric Robert Rudolph was later found to have been the
► 1999 - Tony Hawk landed the first '900' on a skateboard
(two-and-a-half complete revolutions) at the fifth annual
X Games in San Francisco, California.
► 1896 - The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.
► 1945 - A US Army B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th
floor of the Empire State Building, killing 14 and injuring
► 1973 - Nearly 600,000 people attended the Summer Jam
at Watkins Glen rock festival at the Watkins Glen International
► 1976 (Earthquake) Tangshan, China
► 1996 - The remains of the prehistoric Kennewick Man
were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
► 2000 - Kathie Lee Gifford left Live with Regis and
► 1148 - The Siege of Damascus ended with a crusader
defeat and lead end of the Second Crusade.
► 1836 - Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile
(Arch of Triumph of the Star) in Paris, France.
► 1914 - The 7 mile long Cape Cod Canal opened in Massachusetts.
► 1916 - Matheson Fire, Ontario
► 1921 - Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National
Socialist German Workers Party.
► 1948 - After a hiatus of 12 years caused by World
War II, the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936
Summer Olympics in Berlin, open in London.
► 1958 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the
National Aeronautics and Space Act into law, which created
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
► 1976 - David Berkowitz (the "Son of Sam")
killed one person and seriously wounded another in the first
of a series of attacks in New York City.
► 1981 - A worldwide TV audience of over 700 million
people watched the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and
Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral in London.
► 1982 - Professional wrestler Jerry Lawler slapped
actor Andy Kaufman in the face on the program Late Night with
David Letterman, a staged event that prompted a several month
'war' between the two of them.
► 2005 - Astronomers announce their discovery of the
dwarf planet, Eris.
► 762 - Baghdad was founded by caliph Al-Mansur.
► 1619 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative
assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes
for the first time.
► 1729 - Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.
► 1733 - The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future
United States was constituted in Massachusetts.
► 1866 - New Orleans, Louisiana's Democratic government
ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting,
killing 40 people and injuring 150.
► 1871 - The Staten Island Ferry Westfield's boiler
exploded, killing over 85 people.
► 1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay won the first FIFA World
► 1932 - Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees,
the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and the first Academy
Award-winning cartoon short.
► 1956 - A joint resolution of the US Congress was signed
by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing In God we trust
as the US national motto.
► 1962 - The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest national
highway in the world, officially opened.
► 1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social
Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
► 1975 - Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot
of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan,
a suburb of Detroit. He was declared dead in July 30, 1982.
► 2003 - In Mexico, the last Volkswagen Beetle rolled
off the assembly line.
► 2006 - The world's longest running music show Top
of the Pops is broadcast for the last time. It had run since
January 1, 1964.
► 781 - The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in
► 1492 - Jews were expelled from Spain when the Alhambra
Decree took effect.
► 1790 - The first US patent (X000001) as issued, to
inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
► 1930 - The radio mystery program The Shadow aired
for the first time.
► 1931 - New York television station W2XAB (now known
as WCBS) began broadcasting.
► 1948 - Idlewild Field in New York, New York International
Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport)
► 1995 - The Walt Disney Company announced their plans
to purchase both ABC and ESPN
► 2006 - Cuba's Fidel Castro handed over power to brother,